Memory is a set of processes for capturing, storing, and reproducing information. To make the memory more effective, you need to know and apply its development patterns when teaching it.
Reliable memorization is achieved by utilizing the emotional component. For a long time, we tend to remember those events and phenomena in life that influenced our feelings and left an emotional response. Therefore, try to use inspirational images when retaining the material.
The material presented in the form of vivid images, equations, and associative rows is better remembered.
Tie the memorized material to the goals of the activity. For example, mechanical memorization should be replaced by actions involving drawing, keeping records, and manipulating objects.
Improves the process of remembering the education of conscious control. The participation of consciousness promotes the ability to voluntarily work with images, making memory independent of random factors.
Should vary the order of presentation of material for memorization. This is achieved, for example, by alternating the topics learned by heart. So after literature comes science, then the Russian language, etc. Students in their homework should also use this principle.
Memory and different types of mental activity are closely linked. Thinking is understood as a cognitive process that provides essential connections between objects and phenomena of reality. Thinking is closely related to the speech function.
Despite the presence of individual features of thinking, there are general methods for developing this cognitive function. However, these techniques require the systematic performance of various tasks and exercises, a kind of “mental gymnastics.”
Thus, children may be recommended exercises for defining concepts and identifying similarities and differences between ideas (for example, “hard is a hard worker”). In addition, it is helpful to practice writing short stories or stories based on proverbs and sayings. Assembling and solving crosswords and puzzles also contribute to developing mental activity.
Remember that by developing memory and thinking ability, we simultaneously improve all other cognitive processes and speech and creativity.