How to develop your vocabulary | Education 2022

Vocabulary is active and passive. Active words are words that you regularly use when speaking and writing. Passive includes words that you know but don’t use, such as because they are not related to your professional activity. As a rule, the passive vocabulary is several times larger than the active vocabulary; words can go from one to another. Therefore, it is essential to expand your vocabulary to contribute to successful communication.

How to develop your vocabulary
How to develop your vocabulary

It is needed

  • – a pen;
  • – paper;
  • – dictionaries;
  • – books;
  • – interlocutors.


Step 1

There are about half a million words in Russian. On average, the vocabulary of one person is 3000 words. That is, the expressive possibilities are pretty limited. The more words you know, the more resources you have to turn thoughts into speech, and the more pleasant and straightforward it is to talk to you. You can use the following methods to expand your vocabulary.

Step 2

Communicate more – engage in word exchange with different people. You can learn a lot of new words from the interlocutor, especially if he is a representative of another generation and has another profession or hobbies than yours. In addition, in a conversation, you can hear, remember and actively use words from your passive vocabulary. And don’t be afraid to ask what an unfamiliar word means! One’s desire to understand another helps to find a common language. 

Step 3

Read out loud. In ‘reading for oneself,’ only visual analyzers participate in perception. When your auditory is involved, you learn new words better.

Step 4

Do a detailed retelling of new songs. Although the text you have read has not faded in your memory, there is a chance to pronounce the rare words that you have met in it. The child may be asked to retell the homework topic close to the text. If he doesn’t know some words, explain their meaning. This kind of vocabulary work will benefit both of you.

Step 5

Each word of the Russian language has a synonym row, which consists of 5-6 words (synonyms are words that are close to each other in meaning). Take any text written by you and try to replace the words with similar ones in definition so that the content does not change and is understandable. If you find it difficult to find words, consult the synonym dictionary.

Step 6

You remembered poetry. This will allow you to show sophistication at the right time and help you master many elegant and graceful words that are characteristic only of poetic speech. Of course, they are not fit for everyday life and vacuuming in the backyard of your memory, but at least that way, you can get used to their noise in your head. So you will see, it will be interesting for you. 

Step 7

Write down a dozen new words and try to compose a story with them. Words are often not connected, and it will be fascinating to weave them into a meaningful text. This will help you remember new words and introduce some of the passive into the active vocabulary.

Step 8

Completing the vocabulary is a prerequisite for successfully mastering a foreign language. Here are some powerful ways to remember foreign words.

Step 9


Write words on colorful cards on both sides: on the one hand – a foreign phrase, and on the back – its translation and an example of its use (it is more convenient to remember words in context, that is, together with words in the neighborhood). It’s good to use flashcards of different colors to sort by part of speech. Because the cards are not fixed, you do not remember words in order, and you can always shuffle them. In addition, they are small and compact, and you can even work with them on the go. 

Step 10


Stick name stickers on various items in your room or apartment. They will constantly grab your attention. Better remember.

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