When preparing for the test, do not try to memorize the entire textbook at once. Should approach preparation the same way as solving any other global problem: it should be broken down into several minor local issues. An elephant cannot be eaten whole but can eat it in pieces. Therefore, divide it into themes. If there are questions for the exam, use them as topics. If not, you can use the textbook table of contents to make a list.
Even if it seems to you that you don’t know the subject at all, you’re probably wrong (unless you haven’t taken any classes and are looking at the textbook for the first time). Scroll through the list of topics, and tick the items that you at least know or can remember – this will give you confidence.
Look at each topic individually. But before you go back to reading your notes or textbooks, try to write down what you can remember without looking anywhere. Even if the memories are sparse and incomplete, such a preliminary “warming up” of your knowledge of the subject will significantly facilitate the further study of the material.
Don’t just repeat the topic “in mind” – take notes or say the material out loud. If you repeat “within yourself”, you may have an illusion of knowledge or understanding. And if it is necessary to say the information out loud or write it down (which will happen on the exam), that illusion disappears somewhere. And the argument “I understand everything, I just can’t say it” is often ignored by examiners.
When working on a topic, take notes, not in the solid text, but by structuring the material. For example, draw diagrams, make plans and mark cause and effect relationships with arrows. This will help you better understand the topic, and these visual notes are helpful for a quick review of the material.
It is not necessary to cover all subjects in succession simultaneously with excellent grades. The “3-4-5” scheme is most effective when the time for preparation is divided into three identical parts, and the material is passed three times. The first step – is an accessible acquaintance with the subject, as they say, “in grade C.” In the second period, well-known questions are studied more deeply by four. The third period is spent creating the material with excellent grades. This training methodology allows you to understand the subject as a whole systematically; repetition helps to study particular topics better and more thoroughly. Moreover, even with a lack of time, you do not run the risk of asking a question that you do not know at all.
Don’t sit in textbooks from morning to night without a break: a tired brain slowly absorbs information. Therefore, it is believed that it is best to study from 7 a.m. to noon and from 2 to 5-6 p.m. However, all people are individuals, so they should adjust the training hours according to their biological rhythms. But the basic principle remains: most of the new information should be mastered in the morning, with a fresh mind, after 4-6 hours of training, take a break for a few hours, and then another 3-4 hours of busy work. After that, the pace of sighting will slow down, but if deadlines are tight, you can spend a night reviewing what happened.
Organize a “break” of 10 to 15 minutes every hour. Ideal if you combine rest with some form of physical activity (warm-up, dancing or even a light cleaning of the apartment). During a break in the middle of the day, it is good to walk in the fresh air for at least 30-40 minutes.
When preparing for the exam, try to save time to sleep in no case. If you spend an extra hour with a book, you’ll spend more time studying the same amount of material, so the ‘savings’ will turn out to be imaginary.