Making sentences from English words | Education 2022

Many English teachers at school, in courses, and in institutions give the task of making sentences from certain words. The correct construction of pronunciations is the foundation of one’s spoken and written speech. When learning English, difficulties with this task often arise because the word order of this language is significantly different from Russian. You should know the basic rules for constructing English expressions and pronunciations.

How to make sentences from English words
How to make sentences from English words


Step 1

Unlike Russian, English has a non-free word order in sentences. If we can say “I like to sing” and rearrange the words as you wish, and the meaning does not change from this, then the order of the sentence members in the English expression is strict and fixed. One of the first and basic rules to know in the initial stages of the research is that in every English sentence, the subject and predicate must be present. Therefore, no matter how the phrase sounds in Russian (“It’s getting dark”), it will contain both of the above elements: It’s getting dark in English.

Step 2

An affirmative sentence is constructed according to the following scheme: a subject expressed by a noun (Subject) + a predicate expressed by a verb (Object). A typical sentence looks like this: circumstance – definition – subject-predicate – addition. To compose a statement, first, select the two prominent members of the sentence – the predicate and the subject – and put them in the correct order without separating them. Additions to the question “what?”, “To whom?”, “For what?”, but after the predicate in this order: indirect, direct and preposition. Definitions (“what?”) Always precede the subject. The circumstance (time, place) can be placed either at the beginning or at the end of a sentence. 

Step 3

In negative sentences, it is necessary to use the particle not. If the predicate is a regular verb, put the auxiliary do after the subject in the required form (does, did) and not (I don’t drink coffee). Please do not attach the particle (It is not true) to any verb form.

Step 4

In interrogative sentences, it is necessary to change the word order. There are four types of questions in English: general, alternative, memorable and the so-called tag question. Most of them, the prominent members, additions, circumstances, and definitions remain in place. But at the beginning, you must put a question word (if this is a particular question) or an auxiliary verb (is, do, did, etc.). A question with a tail has precisely the same word order as a statement, but you still have to put the endings at the end, don’t you? and others, depending on which verb is used and in what form – negative or positive.

Step 5

Learn the above rules for making sentences. When you do the exercise in which you have to build a sentence from the available words, first determine the type of sentence: question, assertion, negation. If this is a question, please define the class. Highlight the principal members of the proposal, and put them in the correct order. Determine the order of other elements, and put the necessary auxiliary words.

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